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A beautiful smile is an imperative of modern man. Today's modern era beauty is set to a high place in the system of evaluation and human communication, and it was a beautiful smile the best first impression you can leave.
Levels and beautiful teeth are what a growing number of patients wishes, and our task is to help them to achieve that.
The branch of dental medicine that deals with the correction of the position and attitude of the teeth in the jaw and into the relationship between upper and lower jaw is called orthodontics. The goal of orthodontics is not only aesthetics and "flat teeth," contrary to popular belief, they are properly mounted teeth are important for the health of the entire masticatory system, temporomandibular joint, muscles and surrounding tooth structure. The proper position of the teeth in the jaw and the proper relationship of the upper and lower jaws provide uniform transmission of masticatory forces, which saves and supporting tissue of the teeth and the teeth themselves from overloading, excessive wear and deterioration and reduce or completely eliminate the problems in the joint.
Straight teeth are easier to brush and maintain their hygiene, thus reducing the possibility of caries and periodontal problems.
There is no age limit for orthodontic treatment and wearing fixed orthodontic braces.
- Cosmetic Dentistry:
Cosmetic dentistry includes all interventions that improve the patient's smile.
Veneers are a thin layer of ceramic or composite cemented to the front surface of the tooth where it is desired to change the look and color. Grinding teeth is minimal and limited to the surface layer of enamel thickness veneers. Excellent adhesive properties of the enamel ensure longevity of the work. It is made in a dental laboratory using a microscope, which allows a detailed preparation of the tooth surface and extremely successful aesthetic result.
Inlay: dental structures and replacement of old fillings can be offset by dental inlays made of ceramics or composites. It is made in a dental laboratory using a microscope, which provides a detailed reconstruction of the surface of the tooth and a highly successful aesthetic result.
Full ceramic and zirconia crowns are metal free crowns, ceramic material is superior aesthetics the best optical performance.
- Dental prosthetics:
- Fixed prosthetics
Fixed prosthetics are dental restorations that replaces one or more missing teeth, restoring their function and aesthetics. First you need to grind your teeth in order to create space for a fixed prosthesis, during which it was removed and possible tooth decay, as well as parts of teeth that do not have good support.
We distinguish between several types of fixed restorations, such as crowns, bridges and fixed of implant. Rosary is reimbursed dental crown one tooth and covers the tooth structure that was previously supported the natural crown. Bridge compensates the lack of one or more teeth permanently connecting teeth or implants with toothless prostor.U cases where the structure of the tooth is damaged you must make an upgrade that is cemented into the root canals and tooth structure that compensates required for acceptance of the crown.
In making crowns and bridges using various materials. Metal covered with ceramic (metal-ceramic), still, Most commonly choice. Modern dentistry has developed a lot of material of excellent aesthetic characteristics, such as zirconia-ceramic and ceramic.
During the period of crown and bridge teeth are covered and protected with temporary crowns. Most often made from a plastic or composite material and have the same function as the continuous papers, ie. Allow chewing and speaking.
- Mobile prosthetics
Under the dental prosthesis mean cell replacement that replaces missing teeth and adjacent to soft and hard oral structures. Given the number of teeth being replaced distinguish partial and full dentures.
Complete dentures compensate all the teeth of the upper or lower dental arch. They are made from acrylic resin which color corresponds to the soft tissues of the oral cavity and acrylic or porcelain teeth of different colors and shapes. Installation 2-4 implants that stretch connecting dramatically improves retention and stabilization of the prosthesis in the mouth, which is extremely important for the lower denture.
Partial dentures is made of partially edentulous patients, who can not get the most for various reasons (missing back teeth that would drive most, periodontal compromised teeth, financial reasons). Acrylates other than the preparation is used and the metal substructure to be cast from a variety of alloys, of which cobalt-chromium alloy usually used, which considerably improves and reinforces its structure. Several structural solutions that are partial dentures resist lifting system with bearings. The most common are made metal clips that capture the adjacent teeth, while the buckle (Attachement) aesthetically acceptable solution because it can not see beyond your mouth. They consist of two parts, the 'male part' which is attached to the crown and 'female portion of the prosthesis.
Implant dentistry is one of the specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the replacement of lost natural teeth by inserting dental implants within the bone of the lower or upper jaw. Implants are made of titanium, which is a biocompatible material and does not cause a reaction of the organism with subsequent rejection. The implants are usually in the form of screws and inserted during minor surgical procedure performed under sterile conditions. After implantation must wait 3 to 16 weeks, in which the implant should coalesce with the bones, which depends on the type and condition of existing bone. After a period of osseointegration implants can be loaded and made fixed or removable prosthetics.
The implants are used to replace:
- only one tooth (when the adjacent teeth are healthy and avoiding their grinding to support the "traditional bridge")
- more adjacent teeth, to implants supported fixed bridge (due to the large spacing of the remaining teeth is sometimes not possible to create a "classic bridge")
- when all the teeth are missing, it is possible with a few implants to support a complete fixed bridge (to replace 12 teeth is necessary to 6-8 implants)
- when all the teeth are missing, it is possible with a few implants to support removable dentures (2 to 4 implants)
Dental implants replace lost natural teeth, but do not have identical biological properties. Also it is not always possible to use (when patients suffering from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc.). In cases where the presence and quality of bone is scarce, the implant can not be placed without prior transplant patient's own bone taken from other sites (mostly from the lower jaw).
- Oral surgery:
Oral surgery is a branch of dentistry that deals with the extraction of teeth and roots, as well as the removal of impacted teeth, apicotomy (removing the tip of the roots of the teeth that can not be cured by treatment of roots canals) and oral surgery cysts and tumors. Oral surgery is also engaged in the preparation predimplantološkom (sinus lift procedure, transferring blocks of bones, replenishing artificial bone, bone regeneration using membranes) and extraction of permanent teeth for orthodontic reasons.
Periodontics is one of the specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment of soft (periodontal ligament and gingiva) and hard (cementum and alveolar bone), periodontal tissues surrounding the teeth and allow their stability in the dental arch.
Periodontal disease has been known under the name of periodontal disease and periodontitis, and includes various groups of gingivitis and periodontitis. The development of this disease begins with the accumulation of bacteria and plaque due to poor oral hygiene and consequent acute and chronic infection of periodontal tissues. The consequence of untreated surface tissue inflammation (gingivitis), its expansion into the deeper tissues (periodontitis). Additional factors that exacerbate the disease are smoking, untreated diabetes, stress, pregnancy and heritage. The first signs of the disease occur when one or more parts of periodontal do not fulfill their function.
The first signs of this disease are redness and bleeding of the gums (gingivitis), halitosis and increased sensitivity of the teeth and gums, which are manifested during brushing or chewing hard food. Treatment of the initial inflammation is curettage, which eliminates deposits (plaque) and inflammatory content, and good daily oral hygiene.
When the disease is not treated from the start, followed by the development of inflammation, destruction of periodontal linking tooth roots with bone, bone loss with the emergence of pockets, gum recession with the advent of the recession and the consequent movement of the teeth and their loss. At this stage of the disease uznapredovanoj therapy is one of the surgical procedures that seek to stop further deterioration of the bone around the tooth and the restoration. By eliminating inflammatory deposits and pockets around the teeth to periodontal rebuild and strengthen teeth.
- The aesthetics of the face:
Botox is a natural purified protein produced by Clostidium botulinum bacterium, which blocks the transmission of nerve signals to the muscles and thereby preventing muscle contraction. In recent years used in medicine to treat various diseases of muscles and nervous system, as well as in the treatment of reducing excessive sweating in the armpits.
The use of Botox in aesthetic medicine
Although Botox in aesthetic medicine uses only the last few years, but it is widely accepted in the treatment of strip and reduce wrinkles on the face. Facial wrinkles are the result of the daily movement of muscles and facial skin with the aim of expressing emotions. The contraction and relaxation of muscles is particularly visible on both sides of the nose, between the eyebrows and around the eyes. Botox injections block the work of the desired muscles eventually resulting in unsightly facial movements. Skin treated areas becomes smoother with fewer wrinkles, have the effect of rejuvenation. The best results are obtained in the upper third of the face, smaljujući or even removing wrinkles around the eyes, between the eyebrows and on the forehead.
The results of Botox are achieved in a short time, the first effect after 24-48 hours, and one week after the surgery to see the final result. Due to its effect decreases over time, depending on the patient and the administration site, the treatment should be repeated every few months. After several applications, muscle tone decreases, thus they become smoother, and skin above them.
The use of Botox in dentistry
The use of Botox in dentistry (Botox® or Dentox® in dentistry) is a simple non-surgical procedure. Therapy consists of several small applications botox injections directly into the muscle that wants to 'paralyze'. Blockade of specific facial muscles can help TMD patients (bruxism) in reducing repetition and force bite. In this way minimizing the destructive effect on the teeth, gums and jaw joints, as well as discomfort, pain, facial and masticatory muscles. The advantage of Botox is his temporary effect, which is important due to the increased muscle blocks. Repeat the procedure can lead to muscle atrophy and the decline in tourist arrivals to the treatments.
Fillers Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid is a component of the skin, and its deficiency leads to the formation of wrinkles and unsatisfactory facial aesthetics. The amount that is found in the skin decreases with age and needs to be compensated by entering artificial hyaluronan.
Aesthetic Treatments hyaluronic acid
It is an injection treatment that inserts into the skin filler (filler) to remove wrinkles and prevent skin aging.
In our office we use Juvederm and Restylane fillers which are one of the most famous manufacturers of filler in the world. It is a special gel which is surface hyaluronic acid, which is very similar to that in the skin. This is a product of non-animal origin, which means a non-toxic compound with minimal risk of allergy with a minimum sensitivity of the skin at the site of entry.
Treatments can be customized to each patient individually according to his wishes, and the results are immediately visible. The gel is translucent and is entered under the skin in small doses to increase the volume and improving the skin structure. You did not in any way disturb the mime and facial appearance. In the world as Juvederm and Restylane dermal fillers are administered in over 10 million treatments, which shows the success and safety of these products.
The durability of the effect of treatment is very individual and averaged 6-12 months, even up to 18 months in the case of repeated treatments. In this way, there is a possibility of repeat treatments to maintain the results achieved.
Hijaluron be used to achieve the effect of rejuvenating the skin to even out folds and wrinkles, lip enhancement and shaping facial contours. The most common areas of use are the nasolabial folds (from the root of the nose to the corners of the lips), glabellar lines (between the eyebrows), the wrinkles around the mouth and eyes, but can also be used for other areas.